PELAKSANAAN PUTUSAN ARBITRASE INTERNASIONAL TERHADAP PENETAPAN KEPEMILIKAN PULAU SCARBOROUGH SHOAL DI LAUT CINA SELATAN

Dessy Kartika Sari, Levina Yustitianingtyas

Abstract


The South China Sea dispute on the Scarborough Shoal Island, basically caused by the claims of the Chinese nation over the region. The Philippines incorporate Scarborough Shoal Island into their territory because it is within the Exclusive Economic Zone under International Law. The Philippines formally submit the case to Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA), The Tribunal’s decision in favor of the Philippines and China neither accepting in these decision. The Tribunal’s decision inflicting several legal consequences for China and Philippines. The method used is a normative juridical method and using United Nations Convention on the law of the Sea (UNCLOS) 1982. The Tribunal’s decision is not executed can be a means of pressure for China to be more flexible and accepting in these decisions. In the manner of China neither accepting The Tribunal’s decision, The Philippines could bring the case to the International Tribunal for the law of the Sea (ITLOS) which is an independent judicial International Law of the Sea. Their decision will be final and binding on the parties to the dispute and obliged to obey in these decisions so that the dispute can be resolved peacefully and not inflicting a negative impact on China and Philippines.

Keywords


International dispute resolution, Scarborough Shoal, The decisions on Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA

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References


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KONVENSI INTERNASIONAL

Konvensi Perserikatan Bangsa-Bangsa tentang Hukum Laut Tahun 1982 (UNCLOS 1982)

Charter of the United Nations 1945

WEBSITE

http : detiknews.com, Nograhany widhi koesmawardhany, ini putusan lengkap mahkamah arbitrase soal laut China selatan, http://news.detik.com/internasional/3251971/ini-putusan-lengkap-mahkamah-arbitrase-soal-laut-china-selatan, tanggal 12 Juli 2016, diakses pada tanggal 11 Oktober 2016

http : hukumonline, ITLOS bisa menjadi alternatif penyelesaian sengketa wilayah laut, http://m.hukumonline.com/berita/bacahol12398/itlos-bisa-menjadi-alternatif-penyelesaian-sengketa-wilayah-laut, 09 Maret 2005, diakses pada 08 Desember 2016




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30649/phj.v18i2.183

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